Weigh Your Investment Options
401s tend to have a small investment selection thats curated by your plan provider and your employer. Youre not selecting individual stocks and bonds , but mutual funds ideally ETFs or index funds that pool your money along with that of other investors to buy small pieces of many related securities.
Stock funds are divided into categories. Your 401 will probably offer at least one fund in each of the following categories: U.S. large cap which refers to the value of the companies within U.S. small cap, international, emerging markets and, in some plans, alternatives such as natural resources or real estate. Diversify your portfolio by spreading the portion youve allocated to equities among these funds.
You want to allocate more to the biggest asset classes, like U.S. large caps and international. U.S. small cap, natural resources and real estate are not as prevalent asset classes, so youll take smaller bits of those, Walters says.
That might mean putting 50% of your equity allocation into a U.S. large cap fund, 30% into an international fund, 10% into a U.S. small cap fund and spreading the remainder among categories such as emerging markets and natural resources.
The bond selection in 401s tends to be even more narrow, but generally youll be offered a total bond market fund. If you have access to an international bond fund, you might put a bit of your savings in there to diversify globally.
Option #: Single Stocks
When you buy single stocks, youre basically betting on the performance of one company. Most people who dabble with buying and selling stocks try to time the market. Theyll buy a stock when its value is low and then plan to sell after its value rises in order to make a profit.
Instead of taking a buy and hold approach to investingwhich means you hold on to your stocks for longer periods of time regardless of what the stock market is doingmost stock traders will try to sell their stocks after just a few days or weeks to make a quick profit.
The Bottom Line: Lets be really clear herewe do not recommend investing in single stocks! Theres just too much risk in having your investments tied to the performance of just a handful of companies. And unless you have a crystal ball lying around, its very difficult to pick out the winners from the losers. Investing in single stocks is more like going to a casino in Vegasyou walk in expecting to make a small fortune but youll probably walk out with shattered dreams and empty pockets.
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Stocks To Buy For Your Rollover Ira: Prospect Capital Corporation
Moving into more mainstream holdings, we get to one of my favorite value plays, Prospect Capital Corporation .
Prospect is a business development company, which by definition means it pays a fat dividend in order to maintain their tax-free status, business development companies are required to distribute the vast majority of their profits as dividends.
This makes them woefully tax inefficient to own in a regular brokerage account. But it makes them absolutely perfect for a rollover IRA.
At current prices, Prospect sports a dividend yield of 14%. But if owned in a rollover IRA, you can collect and reinvest that dividend tax-free in additional shares. That means major compounding over time and more shares available to pay dividends when you decide you need the current income.
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How To Build A 401 Portfolio
If you decide to pick investments yourself, youll want to keep some important principles in mind to make smarter investments:
- Consider your financial goals: Your portfolio needs to reflect your financial goals. For example, if you want higher returns, your portfolio likely needs to have more invested in stock funds.
- Diversify: A diversified portfolio helps minimize risk and may actually help increase your long-term returns.
- Assess your risk tolerance: Avoid taking on too much risk. You want to have a portfolio that grows but also allows you to sleep at night.
- Evaluate your time horizon: More time until you need the money means you can take more risks and generate higher returns.
So beyond just selecting the best funds at the lowest costs, your fund selection and how much you invest in each fund depends on your personal financial situation and goals.
Diversification is an important factor, and youll want to balance having too much in one type of asset. For example, many experts recommend having an allocation to large stocks such as those in a S& P 500 index fund as well as an allocation to medium- and small-cap stocks. While stocks often rise faster than bonds, bond funds play a more stabilizing influence on a portfolio and generate reliable income, too valuable in periods of turmoil.
But if you look only at the costs and returns of stock and bond funds, you may end up with a portfolio of only stock funds. Youll need to balance the risk of each type.
Stocks To Buy For Your Rollover Ira: Senior Housing Properties Trust
Few companies in the world have better demographic tailwinds supporting them than Senior Housing Properties Trust . Americas Baby Boomers are aging rapidly, and Senior Housing is there to meet their needs.
Despite its name, Senior Housing is not a pure play on the senior housing market, since 29% of SNHs portfolio is invested in independent living facilities with another 23% in assisted living. Medical office buildings make up 42% of the portfolio. And importantly, 97% of Senior Housings net operating income comes from private-pay properties exposure to Medicare is minimal.
As a REIT, Senior Housing escapes federal taxation so long as it dishes out virtually all of its income as dividends. And even by REIT standards, Senior Housings yield is fat at 9.3%.
Senior Housings stock price has lagged its peers for a long time. When you buy this REIT, you do so with the understanding that most of your return will coming from the dividend. And by holding Senior Housing in a rollover IRA, you can avoid having to share that dividend with Uncle Sam.
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Why Not Open A Self
- If you plan to perform sweat equity work on the property, you should not open a self-directed 401k plan.
- If you plan to draw a salary for managing the self-directed 401k owned property, you should not open a self-directed 401k plan.
- You plan to use the self-directed 401k owned property for personal or business use even if you pay a fair market rent rate, you should not open a self-directed 401k.
- You plan to have your children or parents use the self-directed 401k owned property for personal or business use even if a fair market rate rent is paid, you should not open a self-directed 401k.
- You or your children or parents later plan to vacation in the self-directed 401k owned property.
- You plan to sale, exchange or deposit real estate that you own personally or through your business, or your parent or children personally own or through their business into the self-directed 401k plan.
Things To Know Before Opening A 401 Brokerage Account
If you’re considering a 401 brokerage account, the first thing you must decide is what percentage of your retirement savings you’d like to put there. You can put all of it there if you’d like, but it may be better to leave part of it in a mutual fund chosen by your employer, just to be safe.
You should also note that some 401s only allow you to transfer funds to a brokerage account during a certain window each year. If this is the case for your plan, make a note of this time frame so you don’t miss it.
Next, look into the account maintenance fees and any other fees associated with the investment products you’re considering. Ideally, you can keep these at or below 1% of your assets. That means you’ll pay $1,000 or less per year for every $100,000 you have in the account. If you plan to employ a financial adviser to help manage or offer suggestions for your 401 brokerage account, don’t forget to factor in those fees as well.
If a 401 brokerage account isn’t a good fit for you, go with one of your employer’s investment selections instead. This is the safer bet if you don’t have the time or interest to learn more about investing. These are your retirement savings at stake, so you don’t want to take unnecessary risks.
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Should You Invest In Company Stock In Your 401
This is part two of a two part series on 401s: determining if you should invest in your company stock in your 401.
If you missed part one, you can find it here. We highlight the five things you should do before maxing out your 401.
Maybe well do a part three. Not sure yet If you have any ideas or questions or 401s then let me know!
Anyway, to the topic at hand.
While in this article we are focusing on whether or not you should invest in your company stock in your 401, this is also a broader topic. It includes if you should invest in your company stock at all .
Well dive into all of that and more, but first, a quick refresher on 401s. If youre already a 401 expert, you can skip ahead to the next section of the article.
And, if you havent heard of Blooom, theyre a 401 robo-advisor that can give you a free 401 check-up, offering great tips and advice on how to optimize your 401. You can get your free analysis with them below:
Not Sure if Youre Doing this 401 Thing Right?
Get Help With An Investment Professional
There are two things we always tell people when it comes to investing. First, you should never invest in anything you dont understand. And second, you dont have to try to figure it all out on your own.
Thats where an investment professional comes in! Our SmartVestor Pros are here to help you get started. Theyre RamseyTrusted and will sit down with you and help you understand your investing options so that you can make confident decisions that will help you save for the retirement youve always wanted. You can do this!
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Calculate Your Risk Tolerance
All investing is risky and returns are never guaranteed, but it can actually be more risky to keep too much of your savings in cash, thanks to inflation.
Still, you don’t want to go all in on one stock or investment, particularly if a rocky market makes you uneasy and anxious, or likely to do something drastic, like pull your money out of your account.
You’ll want to determine an appropriate asset allocation, or how much of your investments will be in stocks and how much will be in “safer” investments, like bonds. Stocks have the potential for greater returns, but can be more volatile than bonds. Bonds are more stable, but offer potentially lower returns over time.
Financial advisors often recommend using the following formula to determine your asset allocation: 110 minus your age equals the percentage of your portfolio that should be invested in equities, while the rest should be in bonds.
But think about your investing horizon. If you have decades until you’re going to retire , then you can afford a bit more risk. You might choose an 80-20 stock mix for now. When you’re older, you’ll start scaling that back, depending on your goals and, again, your appetite for risk. Experts suggest checking that your investments are properly aligned with your risk tolerance each year and rebalancing as necessary, though how often you actually do will vary based on personal preference.
Investment Real Estate Swap Question:
Good question. However, such transaction would run afoul with the prohibited transaction rules. While it is true that siblings are not disqualified parties on the surface, what would make such transaction prohibited is that the siblings would be using their respective solo 401k plans to swap their personal investment properties.
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Why I Am Buying Amazon Stock
I first bought AMZN when it was $298 a share. I have bought AMZN a few times over the past 3 years, most recently in February 2016 at around $511. I think this stock has significant long term growth potential and I plan on continuing to invest in the company.
Not only have they continued to dominate the e-commerce game.
According to Forbes, A recent report by the Institute for Local Self-Reliance claims that roughly half of all U.S. households are subscribed to Amazon Prime, half of all online shopping searches start directly on Amazon, and Amazon captures nearly one in every two dollars that Americans spend online.
Thats crazy. I dont see Amazon slowing down anytime soon and they have become such an institution they have become the definition of online shopping which is still in its infancy. Amazon are also continuing to diversify and growth their other lines of business specifically their cloud storage and new logistics offerings. Eventually, I am confident they will also give traditional shippers like UPS, FedEx, and the Post Office strong competition with their own shipping network they have already leased 40 planes and plan to hire over 100,000 new employees in 2017.
Its Easier With An Ira 401s Are More Complicated
Whether or not you can roll funds from a 401 or an individual retirement account into a more liquid investment fund depends on a few factors. You may be able to change your investments in an IRA, but doing so within a 401 is a different matter, as these plans typically have limited options from which to choose.
Speaking in general terms, IRA and 401 assets that are distributed and not rolled over to another IRA or eligible retirement plan will be subject to income tax. They may also be subject to an early-withdrawal penalty of 10% if you are under age 59½.
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Solo 401k Brokerage Account Tips
Alongside alternative investments, many Solo 401k plan owners also invest in stocks and derivatives. For instance, there can be time between alternative investments when cash is sitting in your Solo 401k that you could invest in highly liquid stock assets. Or maybe you want to invest idle reserve funds where there is a potential for a higher rate of return compared to a savings account. Although stock market investing may not be your preferred assets class, there are times when traditional equities investing make sense while you are waiting to invest your money elsewhere.
Because, you are not opening a new 401k account with the stock brokerage , the brokerage is NOT the custodian/trustee of your 401k plan you are. The only thing the brokerage is doing is providing brokerage services to your existing Solo 401k you can still control all of your stock market transactions.
Ways Around The Limitations
One way to use your 401 to purchase private stocks is to take out a 401 loan. Not all plans have provisions for retirement loans, so once again, you will need to check with your plan administrator for more information. The IRS also has its own set of rules that govern retirement plan loans. Visit the agencys website for more retirement plan topics covered in depth.
Converting or rolling your 401 into an individual retirement account, or IRA, is another way for you to purchase private stocks using your 401. Before trying to access the funds in your 401, be certain you are familiar with how your plan is structured as well as any IRS consequences you could face.
- Research the funds in your 401 to determine what companies and industries it includes. If you don’t want to take the risk of borrowing or withdrawing from your 401 to purchase privately-held stocks, you can adjust your 401 to invest in funds that target the specific companies or industries in which you have interest.
- Contributions to 401s enjoy preferential tax treatment. Carefully research how changes to your account would affect your taxes and balance those considerations with the risks associated with privately-held stock purchases.